All employment based I-485 subject to interview. Cases filed before March 6, 2017 will be adjudicated by USCIS Service Centers under prior procedures. Approximately 5 to 10 percent of employment-based cases have been subject to interview, so the “odds” of a pre-March 6 case being pulled for interview will be about the same. All employment-based adjustment of status cases where the underlying petition is a Form I-140 (EB-1, EB-2, and EB-3) filed on or after March 6, 2017, will be subject to an interview.
Thus, for FY 2018, adjudications will be shared between Field Operations and Service Center Operations (SCOPS). Beginning in FY 2019, I-140-based adjustment adjudications will be handled solely by Field Operations. The new policy will go into effect on October 1. Under the directive, people applying for green cards based on their employment or for refugee and asylee relatives will be subject to an interview.
I-485 Subject to interview. What does this mean?
Monday’s order doesn’t affect other broad categories of people generally exempt from interviews, including fiancés and parents of US citizens. But USCIS said in an updated release Monday afternoon that the agency plans to incrementally expand interviews in other categories. Another concern for critics of the decision is the length of time it could add to the green card application process. According to a tracking tool maintained by USCIS, as of September 30, 2016, it took an average of 333 days, just under one year, to process employment-based applications — that was with the interview waivers that were being granted.
The new policies could affect roughly 180,000 people per year, according to 2015 statistics released by USCIS. They say to be working to put in place “enhancements in training and technology” to deal with the added caseload and also transition some of the case management procedures. The administration says the in-person interviews will allow its officers to verify the application, discover any new relevant information and assess the credibility of the applicant.